Allama Muhammad Iqbal born on November 9th, 1877 and died on April 21st, 1938, was a philosopher, poet and politician in British India who is widely regarded as having inspired the Pakistan Movement. He is considered one of the most important figures in Urdu literature, with literary work in both the Urdu and Persian languages.
Iqbal is admired as a prominent classical poet by Pakistani, Indian and other international scholars of literature. Though Iqbal is best known as an eminent poet, he is also a highly acclaimed "Muslim philosophical thinker of modern times".
Iqbal is known as Shair-e-Mushriq meaning Poet of the East. He is also called Muffakir-e-Pakistan which means "The Inceptor of Pakistan" and Hakeem-ul-Ummat which means "The Sage of the Ummah". Pakistan Government had recognised him as its "national poet". His birthday is celebrated as a Public holiday in Pakistan.
- Ilm ul Iqtisad in 1903
Poetic books in Persian Language
- Asrar-i-Khudi in 1915
- Rumuz-i-Bekhudi in 1917
- Payam-i-Mashriq in 1923
- Zabur-i-Ajam in 1927
- Javid Nama in 1932
- Pas Cheh Bayed Kard ai Aqwam-e-Sharq in 1936
- Armughan-e-Hijaz (Persian-Urdu) in 1938
Poetic books in Urdu Language
- Bang-i-Dara in 1924
- Bal-i-Jibril in 1935
- Zarb-i Kalim in 1936
Books in English Language
- The Development of Metaphysics in Persia in 1908
- The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam in 1930